Surveying Instruments of Greece and Rome by M. J. T. Lewis

By M. J. T. Lewis

The Greeks and, specifically, the Romans are recognized for the heroic engineering in their aqueducts, tunnels and roads. additionally they measured the circumference of the earth and the heights of mountains with reasonable precision. This ebook provides new translations (from Greek, Latin, Arabic, Hebrew and Syriac) of the entire historical texts relating surveying, together with significant assets hitherto untapped. It explores the historical past of surveying tools, significantly the Greek dioptra and the Roman libra, and with assistance from assessments with reconstructions explains how they have been utilized in perform. this can be a topic which hasn't ever been tackled earlier than in something like this intensity. The Greeks turn out to be the pioneers of instrumental surveying and, even though their apparatus and techniques have been uncomplicated by way of sleek criteria, they and the Romans could be credited with a degree of technical sophistication which needs to count number as one of many maximum achievements of the traditional world.

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A Philosophical Guide to Chance by Toby Handfield

By Toby Handfield

it's a regular that clinical inquiry makes broad use of possibilities, a lot of which appear to be goal probabilities, describing positive aspects of truth which are self sufficient of our minds. Such percentages seem to have a few paradoxical or complicated positive factors: they seem like mind-independent proof, yet they're in detail attached with rational psychology; they demonstrate a temporal asymmetry, yet they're presupposed to be grounded in actual legislation which are time-symmetric; and likelihood is used to provide an explanation for and expect frequencies of occasions, even supposing they can not be decreased to these frequencies. This e-book bargains an obtainable and non-technical advent to those and different puzzles. Toby Handfield engages with conventional metaphysics and philosophy of technological know-how, drawing upon fresh paintings within the foundations of quantum mechanics and thermodynamics to supply a singular account of aim chance that's empirically proficient with out requiring expert medical knowledge.

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Biological Classification: A Philosophical Introduction by Richard A. Richards

By Richard A. Richards

sleek organic category is predicated at the process constructed via Linnaeus, and interpreted by means of Darwin as representing the tree of existence. yet regardless of its frequent popularity, the evolutionary interpretation has a few difficulties and boundaries. This entire e-book offers a unmarried source for realizing all of the major philosophical matters and controversies approximately organic category. It surveys the historical past of organic type from Aristotle to modern phylogenetics and indicates how smooth organic type has built and adjusted through the years. Readers can be in a position to see how organic type is partially a final result of human psychology, language improvement and tradition. The publication might be helpful for scholar readers and others drawn to various subject matters in philosophy and biology.

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This Mortal Coil: The Human Body in History and Culture by Fay Bound Alberti

By Fay Bound Alberti

To many of us the concept 'the physique' has its personal background might seem faintly ridiculous. The physique and its reviews are typically visible as whatever that we proportion with humans from the previous. Like 'human nature', it represents the unchanging in a altering global. our bodies simply are...

But the physique does have a background. the best way that it strikes, feels, breathes, and engages with the realm has been seen very another way throughout occasions and cultures. for hundreds of years, 'we' have been believed to be composed of souls that have been a part of the physique and inseparable from it. Now we exist in our heads, and bodies became the vessels for that doubtful and elusive factor we name our 'true selves'. the way in which we comprehend the fabric constitution of the physique has additionally replaced greatly over
the centuries. From the bones to the outside, from the senses to the organs of sexual replica, all the things of the physique has an ever-changing heritage, depending on time, tradition, and place.

This Mortal Coil is an exploration of that heritage. Peeling away our assumptions concerning the unchanging nature of the human physique, Fay certain Alberti takes it aside so one can placed it again anew, telling the cultural heritage of our key organs and structures from the interior out, from blood to guts, brains to intercourse organs. the certainty of the 'modern physique' she unearths within the technique is way faraway from the 'eternal' or undying item of universal assumption. actually, she argues, its roots go
back no extra than the 16th century on the earliest - and it has in simple terms really existed in its present shape because the 19th century.

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Climate Conundrums: What the Climate Debate Reveals About Us by William B. Gail

By William B. Gail

It is usually assumed that, in well mannered corporation, you don’t speak politics, faith, or cash. yet lately, it sort of feels “climate switch” has to be additional to that checklist. Incorporating the entire above, few themes can divide a cocktail party speedier. but, whereas a lot ink has been spilled on either side of the difficulty, few have thought of the controversy itself and what it unearths approximately glossy culture.

Climate Conundrums is a trip via how we as people imagine, separately and jointly, in regards to the debate. It eschews rhetoric or fist-pounding conclusions and in its place explores our ongoing makes an attempt to arrive a societal knowing approximately weather switch and the way we must always reply to it. The essays all through are generally geared up round our courting with nature, the demanding situations dealing with human society, and the trail forward for civilization. every one starts off with a question—Can we make nature greater? may possibly technological know-how and faith reconcile?—and from there follows an introspective direction via either side of the debates. a few are longstanding matters, akin to even if people are becoming more and more far away from nature. Others are as a result of fresh advancements, akin to no matter if know-how can finally clear up all of society’s needs.

While no ultimate solutions are given, the insights that come from reflecting on those questions may also help us larger locate our method and higher hook up with one another around the weather divide.

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Weapons of Democracy (New Studies in American Intellectual by Jonathan Auerbach

By Jonathan Auerbach

Following international warfare I, political commentator Walter Lippmann frightened that voters more and more held faulty and misinformed ideals as a result means details used to be produced, circulated, and acquired in a mass-mediated society. Lippmann dubbed this manipulative opinion-making technique "the manufacture of consent." A extra common time period for such large-scale persuasion will be propaganda. In Weapons of Democracy, Jonathan Auerbach explores how Lippmann’s stark critique gave voice to a suite of misgivings that had stricken American social reformers because the past due 19th century.

Progressives, social scientists, and muckrakers first and foremost drew on mass persuasion as a part of the trouble to mobilize sentiment for his or her personal loved reforms, together with regulating monopolies, maintaining shoppers, and selling disinterested, effective executive. "Propaganda" was once linked to public schooling and attention elevating for the great of the full. through the second one decade of the 20th century, the necessity to muster help for American involvement within the nice conflict produced the Committee on Public info, which zealously unfold the gospel of yankee democracy in another country and labored to stifle dissent at domestic. After the struggle, public family members firms—which handled exposure as an lead to itself—proliferated.

Weapons of Democracy lines the destiny of yank public opinion in idea and perform from 1884 to 1934 and explains how propaganda keeps to form today’s public sphere. The e-book heavily analyzes the paintings of sought after political leaders, reporters, intellectuals, novelists, and company publicists, together with Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, Mark Twain, George Creel, John Dewey, Julia Lathrop, Ivy Lee, and Edward Bernays. actually interdisciplinary in either scope and approach, this e-book will attract scholars and students in American stories, background, political idea, media and communications, and rhetoric and literary studies.

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A Convergence of Lives: Sofia Kovalevskaia - Scientist, by Ann Koblitz

By Ann Koblitz

To inaugurate a brand new sequence, Lives of girls in technological know-how, Rutgers college Press is reissuing this much-acclaimed biography of Sofia Kovalevskaia, the well known nineteenth-century mathematician, author, and revolutionary.

Sofia Kovalevskaia's curiosity in arithmetic used to be roused at an early age--her attic nursery have been wallpapered with lecture notes for a direction on calculus. She spent hours learning the mysterious partitions, attempting to work out which web page from the following. Kovalevskaia (1850-1891) turned the one girl mathematician whose identify all mathematicians realize, due to her contributions to mathematical research. certainly, she used to be the 1st specialist lady scientist to win foreign eminence in any box: the 1st girl doctorate in arithmetic, the 1st to carry a chair in arithmetic, the 1st to take a seat at the editorial board of an incredible medical journal.

She used to be additionally an complete author, a proponent of women's rights and schooling, a spouse and mom in an unconventional marriage, and a champion of radical political reasons in Russia and Western Europe--a pal and correspondent of Dostoyevsky, Chekhov, George Eliot, Kropotkin, Helmholtz, and Darwin. This sympathetic portrait of a outstanding girl will entice any reader, non-mathematicians and mathematicians alike.

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Renaissance Meteorology: Pomponazzi to Descartes by Craig Martin

By Craig Martin

Craig Martin takes a cautious examine how Renaissance scientists analyzed and interpreted rain, wind, and different normal phenomena like meteors and earthquakes and their effect at the nice thinkers of the medical revolution.

Martin argues that meteorology used to be an important to the transformation that happened in technology through the early sleek interval. by way of analyzing the conceptual foundations of the topic, Martin hyperlinks Aristotelian meteorology with the hot traditional philosophies of the 17th century. He argues that simply because meteorology concerned conjecture and statement and compelled awareness to fabric and effective causation, it paralleled advancements within the usual philosophies of Descartes and different key figures of the clinical revolution.

Although an inherently doubtful activity, forecasting the elements was once a really helpful part not only of clinical examine, but in addition of politics, courtly existence, and non secular doctrine. Martin explores how usual philosophers of the time participated in political and spiritual controversies via debating the meanings, factors, and reasons of ordinary failures and different climate phenomena.

Through cautious readings of a magnificent diversity of texts, Martin situates the heritage of meteorology in the greater context of Renaissance and early glossy technology. the 1st learn on Renaissance theories of climate in 5 a long time, Renaissance Meteorology bargains a singular figuring out of conventional average philosophy and its effect at the improvement of contemporary science.

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Investigative Pathways: Patterns and Stages in the Careers by Frederic Lawrence Holmes

By Frederic Lawrence Holmes

This intimate portrayal of the friendship among icons of twentieth-century poetry, Czeslaw Milosz and Joseph Brodsky, highlights the parallel lives of the poets as exiles residing in the USA and Nobel Prize laureates in literature. To create this really unique paintings, Irena Grudzinska Gross attracts from poems, essays, letters, interviews, speeches, lectures, and her personal own stories as a confidant of either Milosz and Brodsky. the twin portrait of those poets and the elucidation in their attitudes towards faith, heritage, reminiscence, and language throw a brand new mild at the upheavals of the twentieth-century. Gross additionally accommodates notes on either poets' relationships to different key literary figures, corresponding to W. H. Auden, Susan Sontag, Seamus Heaney, Mark Strand, Robert Haas, and Derek Walcott.

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Mathematics, Substance and Surmise: Views on the Meaning and by Ernest Davis,Philip J. Davis

By Ernest Davis,Philip J. Davis

The seventeen thought-provoking and interesting essays during this assortment current readers with quite a lot of different views at the ontology of arithmetic. The essays deal with such questions as: what sort of issues are mathematical items? What types of assertions do mathematical statements make? How do humans imagine and talk about arithmetic? How does society use arithmetic? How have our solutions to those questions replaced during the last millennia, and the way could they alter back sooner or later? The authors contain mathematicians, philosophers, computing device scientists, cognitive psychologists, sociologists, educators and mathematical historians; each one brings their very own services and insights to the dialogue.

Contributors to this volume:

Jeremy Avigad

Jody Azzouni

David H. Bailey

David Berlinski

Jonathan M. Borwein

Ernest Davis

Philip J. Davis

Donald Gillies

Jeremy Gray

Jesper Lützen

Ursula Martin

Kay O’Halloran

Alison Pease

Steven Piantadosi

Lance Rips

Micah T. Ross

Nathalie Sinclair

John Stillwell

Hellen Verran

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