Frankensteins Katze: Wie Biotechnologen die Tiere der by Emily Anthes,Monika Niehaus-Osterloh

By Emily Anthes,Monika Niehaus-Osterloh

Schöne neue Tierwelt?Fluoreszierende Fische, die bei UV-Bestrahlung leuchten. Delfine mit künstlichen Flossen. Zu Robotern umfunktionierte Käfer, die vom Militär auf Spionagemissionen ausgesandt werden können. Innig geliebte Haustiere, die guy mithilfe ihrer DNA wieder auferstehen lässt.Forscher in aller Welt sind bereits dabei, solche Wesen in die Welt zu setzen. Mancher Weg führt von der Petrischale geradewegs ins Zoogeschäft. Dieses Buch wagt einen – beunruhigenden, aber zugleich faszinierenden – Blick in die High-Tech-Menagerie der nahen Zukunft. Erfinden wir das Tierreich gerade neu? Zu welchem Zweck: um menschliche Launen oder Bedürfnisse zu befriedigen? Spielen wir uns in der Biotechnologie oder Technobiologie zum Schöpfer auf? Wenn sich Kühe gentechnisch so verändern ließen, dass sie keine Schmerzen mehr empfinden – könnten solche Tiere unser schlechtes Gewissen beim Fleischverzehr beruhigen?Die Wissenschaftsjournalistin Emily Anthes ist um die Welt gereist, um die Fauna der Zukunft kennenzulernen, vom schottischen Geburtsort des Klonschafes Dolly über die Forschungsstätten, in denen Lebewesen technisch aufgerüstet werden, bis zu einer „Pharm“ für Hühner, die bei der Krebsbekämpfung helfen sollen. Frankensteins Katze nimmt Sie mit auf eine Entdeckungsreise durch ein wundersames und oft bizarres Wissenschaftsgebiet – und stellt kritische Fragen.Emily Anthes berichtet von den verrückteren Seiten der Tier-Biotechnologie. NatureGeistreich und intestine recherchiert. the hot York TimesFaszinierend, scharf beobachtet und ein wenig beängstigend. New Scientist
_____Schon seit Jahrhunderten verändern wir unsere tierischen Begleiter: Wir haben Hunde gezüchtet, die jagen oder Schafe hüten, Kühe mit verbesserter Milchleistung, Hauskatzen, die genau wie Tiger aussehen, und kleine Schweine, die in eine Handtasche passen. Aber jetzt hat eine neue part der Manipulation tierischer Organismen begonnen, in der uns die Wissenschaft einen immer vielfältigeren Werkzeugkasten für das „Basteln“ mit dem Leben bereitstellt. Emily Anthes führt uns in eine Welt zwischen Petrischale und Zoohandlung, zwischen Bauernhof und Militärlabor, in der Biotechnologen die Zukunft unserer pelzigen und gefiederten Freunde und unserer Nutztiere gestalten.Es gibt eine Katze, die grün leuchtet, wenn guy sie mit UV-Licht bestrahlt. Den geliebten Familienlabrador lassen wir durch Klonen wieder auferstehen. In Tiefkühlzoos wird die Erbsubstanz zahlreicher seltener Tiere archiviert, schwer verletzte Tiere können mit Prothesen wieder ein quick normales Leben führen, Kühe, Schweine und Hühner werden mit Krankheitsresistenzen ausgestattet. Die Manipulationen gehen über die Biologie hinaus. Seehunde schwimmen mit eingepflanzten Sensoren durch die Meere, um Umweltbedingungen zu messen und Daten zu übermitteln, Ratten werden für militärische oder humanitäre Zwecke ferngesteuert, mit Roboterschaben soll im Unterricht neurobiologisches Wissen vermittelt werden.Anthes berichtet von Begegnungen mit Wissenschaftlern, Naturschützern, Ethikern und Unternehmern. Und sie stellt kritische Fragen: Welchen Nutzen haben die vorgenommenen Veränderungen? Soll alles, was once möglich ist, auch getan werden? Welche Konsequenzen hat die neue Macht der Biotechnologie für unsere Tierwelt? Und was once verraten uns die neu geschaffenen Kreaturen über uns selbst? Frankensteins Katze beleuchtet diesen abenteuerlichen Weg, auf dem technology Fiction-Vorstellungen zu Realität werden, und geht den Verheißungen und Gefahren dieser Entwicklungen nach.

Show description

Read more

Modeling and Simulation in Biomedical Engineering: by Willem van Meurs

By Willem van Meurs

THEORY AND perform OF MODELING AND SIMULATING HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

Written via a coinventor of the Human sufferer Simulator (HPS) and earlier president of the Society in Europe for Simulation utilized to medication (SESAM), Modeling and Simulation in Biomedical Engineering: purposes in Cardiorespiratory Physiology is a compact and constant creation to this increasing box. The booklet divides the modeling and simulation procedure into 5 plausible steps--requirements, conceptual versions, mathematical types, software program implementation, and simulation effects and validation.

A framework and a simple set of deterministic, continuous-time versions for the cardiorespiratory approach are supplied. This well timed source additionally addresses complicated issues, together with sensitivity research and atmosphere version standards as a part of an encompassing simulation and simulator layout. useful examples give you the talents to judge and adapt current physiologic types or create new ones for particular applications.

Coverage includes:

  • Signals and systems
  • Model requirements
  • Conceptual models
  • Mathematical models
  • Software implementation
  • Simulation effects and version validation
  • Cardiorespiratory procedure model
  • Circulation
  • Respiration
  • Physiologic control
  • Sensitivity research of a cardiovascular model
  • Design of model-driven acute care education simulators

“Uniquely certified to writer this type of textual content, van Meurs is likely one of the unique builders of CAE Healthcare’s Human sufferer Simulator (HPS). …His figuring out of arithmetic, human body structure, pharmacology, regulate platforms, and structures engineering, mixed with a conversational writing kind, leads to a readable textual content. …The considerable illustrations and tables additionally get a divorce the textual content and make interpreting the booklet more uncomplicated at the eyes. …concise but in conversational sort, with real-life examples. This booklet is very urged for coursework in physiologic modeling and for all who're attracted to simulator layout and improvement. The publication pulls these kind of themes jointly lower than one hide and is a vital contribution to biomedical literature.” --IEEE Pulse, January 2014

“This e-book is written by way of a certified engineer who's particular in that he turns out to have a average knowing of three key parts as follows: the concerned with simulators, human body structure, and mathematical modeling. Willem van Meurs is without doubt one of the inventors of the model-driven human sufferer simulator (HPS), and so, he's very certified to jot down this publication. The publication is written in a transparent approach, utilizing the 1st individual all through, in a conversational demeanour, with a mode that comprises posing questions and answering them in next textual content. …The e-book begins with a truly important advent and heritage bankruptcy, commencing the scene for the remainder of the booklet. …I have used his ebook in bettering my very own talks and realizing human sufferer simulation and will strongly suggest it.” --Simulation in Healthcare December, 2012

Reviewed through Mark A. Tooley, Ph.D., division of clinical Physics and Bioengineering, Royal United health facility, Combe Park, tub, UK.

Show description

Read more

Plant Nanotechnology: Principles and Practices by Chittaranjan Kole,D. Sakthi Kumar,Mariya V. Khodakovskaya

By Chittaranjan Kole,D. Sakthi Kumar,Mariya V. Khodakovskaya

This booklet highlights the results of nanotechnology in plant sciences, rather its capability to enhance nutrition and agricultural structures, via leading edge, green methods, and consequently to extend plant productiveness. themes contain quite a few elements of nanomaterials: biophysical and biochemical houses; equipment of remedy, detection and quantification; tools of quantifying the uptake of nanomaterials and their translocation and accumulation in vegetation. additionally, the results on plant progress and improvement, the position of nanoparticles in adjustments in gene and protein expression, and supply of genetic fabrics for genetic development are mentioned. It additionally explores how nanotechnology can enhance plant security and plant meals, and addresses matters approximately utilizing nanoparticles and their compliances.

This booklet offers a complete assessment of the appliance capability of nanoparticles in plant technological know-how and serves as a useful source for college students, academics, researchers and execs engaged on nanotechnology.

Show description

Read more

Food Allergens: Biochemistry and Molecular Nutrition (Food by Tanja Ćirković Veličković,Marija Gavrović-Jankulović

By Tanja Ćirković Veličković,Marija Gavrović-Jankulović

A nutrition allergen has the power to first elicit an IgE reaction, after which, on next exposures, a medical reaction to an identical or related protein. How risk free nutrition protein turns into famous via the mucosal immune method as an allergen continues to be an open query and extra info are had to clarify how regulatory mechanisms of the mucosal immune method fail and bring about allergic sensitization to nutritional antigens.

Some biochemical features linked to nutrients allergens, similar to the presence of a number of, linear IgE-binding epitopes and the resistance of the protein to digestion and processing, appear to predominate between foodstuff allergens. Digestion susceptibility of nutrition allergens that sensitize through the gastrointestinal tract and balance to meals processing stipulations are inherently on the topic of protein structural positive aspects. Thereby, physiological adjustments within the digestion strategy, pathological stipulations affecting digestion, in addition to approaches and foodstuff processing stipulations that impact protein constitution may perhaps all have a profound impression at the sensitizing capability and allergenicity of nutrition proteins. furthermore, indications coming from the nutrition and micro biome can modulate regulatory mechanisms of the mucosal immune method and impact mucosal immunity and intestinal barrier function.

The detection of allergenic components in foodstuff items has obtained elevated awareness from the meals and legislative and regulatory organizations over fresh years. This has ended in the development of utilized security measures that offer safety for food-allergic shoppers and improvement of delicate and hugely particular analytical equipment of foodstuff allergens detection. nutrition hypersensitive reaction is a vital and customary wellbeing and fitness factor and hence there's a have to symbolize the sensitizing strength of newly brought proteins in genetically engineered meals. a mix of in vitro and in silico equipment offer details that contributes to protection overview. compatible in vivo types could provide a extra holistic evaluation of allergenic strength of novel nutrients proteins.

Show description

Read more

Technological and Medical Implications of Metabolic Control by Athel Cornish-Bowden,Maria Luz Cárdenas

By Athel Cornish-Bowden,Maria Luz Cárdenas

twenty years have handed because the mechanisms of protein synthesis grew to become good adequate understood to allow the genetic amendment oforganisms. a magnificent quantity of latest wisdom has emerged from the recent expertise, yet a lot ofthe promise of20years in the past has notyet been fulfilled. In biotechnology, efforts to extend the yields of commercially beneficial metabolites were much less profitable than ex­ pected, and once they have succeeded it has frequently been as a lot from selective breeding as from new equipment. The phone is extra complex than what's offered within the classical educating of biochemistry, it comprises extra constitution than used to be dreamed of two decades in the past, and the behaviour ofany systemofenzymes is extra tricky than might be defined in phrases ofa unmarried supposedly rate-limiting enzyme. no matter if classical enzymology and meta­ bolism could have appeared particularly retro in the course of the upward push ofmolecular biology, they continue to be important to any amendment ofthe metabolic behaviour oforganisms. As such amendment is key in a lot ofbiotechnology and drug improvement, bio­ technologists can in basic terms forget about those issues at their peril.

Show description

Read more

Organohalide-Respiring Bacteria by Lorenz Adrian,Frank E. Löffler

By Lorenz Adrian,Frank E. Löffler

This publication summarizes the present nation of information bearing on micro organism that use halogenated natural compounds as respiration electron acceptors. the invention of organohalide-respiring micro organism has increased the variety of electron acceptors used for strength conservation, and serves as a main instance of the way medical discoveries are permitting leading edge engineering ideas that experience remodeled remediation perform. person chapters offer in-depth historical past info at the discovery, isolation, phylogeny, biochemistry, genomic gains, and ecology of person organohalide-respiring genera, together with Dehalococcoides, Dehalogenimonas, Dehalobacter, Desulfitobacterium and Sulfurospirillum, in addition to organohalide-respiring individuals of the Deltaproteobacteria. The publication introduces readers to the attention-grabbing biology of organohalide-respiring micro organism, providing a useful source for college kids, engineers and practitioners alike.

Show description

Read more

First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology by Jack Ralph Kloppenburg

By Jack Ralph Kloppenburg

First the Seed spotlights the historical past of plant breeding and indicates how efforts to manage the seed have formed the emergence of the rural biotechnology undefined. This moment variation of a vintage paintings within the political financial system of technology contains an intensive, new bankruptcy updating the research to incorporate the newest advancements within the fight over the path of crop genetic engineering.

1988 textile, 1990 Paperback, Cambridge collage Press

Winner of the Theodore Saloutos Award of the rural background Society

Winner of the Robert ok. Merton Award of the yank Sociological Association

Show description

Read more

Polyethylene-Based Biocomposites and Bionanocomposites by Visakh P. M.,Sigrid Lüftl

By Visakh P. M.,Sigrid Lüftl

Biodegradable polymers have skilled a turning out to be curiosity lately for functions in packaging, agriculture, automobile, medication, and different components. one of many drivers for this improvement is the good volume of man-made plastic discarded improperly within the atmosphere. accordingly, R&D in and in educational examine facilities, look for fabrics which are reprocessable and biodegradable.

This special e-book includes 12 chapters written through topic experts and is a state of the art examine every kind of polyethylene-based biocomposites and bionanocomposites.  It comprises deep dialogue at the guidance, characterisation and functions of composites and nanocomposites of polyethylene-based biomaterials corresponding to cellulose, chitin, starch, soy protein, PLA, casein, hemicellulose, PHA and bacterial cellulose.

Show description

Read more

Life as Surplus: Biotechnology and Capitalism in the by Melinda E. Cooper

By Melinda E. Cooper

Focusing at the interval among the Nineteen Seventies and the current, existence as Surplus is a pointed and significant examine of the connection among politics, economics, technology, and cultural values within the usa this present day. Melinda Cooper demonstrates that the historical past of biotechnology can't be understood with no bearing in mind the simultaneous upward push of neoliberalism as a political strength and an fiscal coverage. From the advance of recombinant DNA know-how within the Seventies to the second one Bush administration's guidelines on stem phone examine, Cooper connects the utopian polemic of free-market capitalism with growing to be inner contradictions of the commercialized lifestyles sciences.

The biotech revolution relocated financial construction on the genetic, microbial, and mobile point. Taking as her aspect of departure the idea that existence has been drawn into the circuits of worth construction, Cooper underscores the kin among clinical, fiscal, political, and social practices. In penetrating analyses of Reagan-era technological know-how coverage, the militarization of the lifestyles sciences, HIV politics, pharmaceutical imperialism, tissue engineering, stem mobile technological know-how, and the pro-life flow, the writer examines the speculative impulses that experience lively the expansion of the bioeconomy.

At the very middle of the hot post-industrial financial system is the transformation of organic lifestyles into surplus price. existence as Surplus bargains a transparent evaluation of either the transformative, healing dimensions of the modern lifestyles sciences and the violence, legal responsibility, and debt servitude crystallizing round the rising bioeconomy.

Show description

Read more

Unternehmensführung in dynamischen Netzwerken: Erfolgreiche by Joachim Zülch,Luis Barrantes,Sylvia Steinheuser

By Joachim Zülch,Luis Barrantes,Sylvia Steinheuser

Dynamische Netzwerkbildung gilt als effektive Antwort auf die wachsende Verflechtung der Weltmärkte. Doch vielfach hapert es gerade in Kleinst- und kleinen Unternehmen am erforderlichen information. Hier setzen die Autoren an: aus der Perspektive des Unternehmers und in der Sprache des Praktikers. Wissenschaftlich fundierte Kenntnisse und praktische Lösungsvorschläge unterstützen nachhaltig unternehmerisches Engagement in dynamischen Netzwerken.

Show description

Read more
1 2 3 4 17