Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women and the East by Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

By Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

among 1940 and 1945, millions of African americans migrated from the South to the East Bay sector of northern California looking for the social and fiscal mobility that was once linked to the region's increasing safeguard and its popularity for higher racial tolerance. Drawing on fifty oral interviews with migrants in addition to on archival and different written documents, Abiding Courage examines the studies of the African American girls who migrated west and equipped groups there. Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo vividly exhibits how girls made the transition from southern family and box paintings to jobs in an business, wartime financial system. whilst, they have been suffering to maintain their households jointly, setting up new families, and developing community-sustaining networks and associations. whereas white ladies shouldered the double burden of salary exertions and house responsibilities, black ladies confronted even larger demanding situations: discovering homes and colleges, finding church buildings and clinical prone, and contending with racism. through targeting girls, Lemke-Santangelo presents new views on the place and the way social switch occurs and the way neighborhood is tested and maintained.

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